Daily Archives: April 9, 2012

The Silver Anniversary of the “Keating Five” Meeting – Citizens United’s Precursor

By William K. Black

April 9, 2012 is the twenty-fifth anniversary of the most infamous savings and loan fraud, Charles Keating’s, successful use of five U.S. Senators to escape sanction for a massive violation of the law.  The Senators were Alan Cranston (D. CA), Dennis DeConcini (D. AZ), John Glenn (D OH), John McCain (R. AZ), and Donald Riegle (D. MI).  They became infamous as the “Keating Five.”  I was one of four regulators who attended the April 9, 1987 meeting.  I took the notes of the meeting, in transcript format, that were so detailed and accurate that the Senators testified that they were sure I had tape recorded the meeting.  (The reality is that I owe my note taking abilities to Bill Valentine, my high school debate coach, and experience debating for the University of Michigan.)

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